Do you know, we, the people of India, have rights as citizens of India? Do you know the Government and also we have responsibilities towards each other. Who decides what are these rights and responsibilities. That magical bible is called the Constitution of India. On 26th January 1950 the Indian Constitution was implemented or came into effect. We call that day Republic Day. It is very important day as the constitution of India guarantees equality, freedom and many other rights to the citizens of the country.
How about a peek into the parade?
Republic Day of India is one of the most grand celebrations of the world. It is celebrated across the country, but the grandest celebration happens in the national capital, New Delhi. The Republic Day’s parade is a wonderful spectacle full of colors, marches, dances and much more.
The President, Prime Minister and other ministers along with a Chief Guest, who is the head of the state of another country are present at the parade. Disciplined marching by different regiments of the Army, Navy and Air Force are one of the best highlights of the parade. The symmetry and uniformity of the marching officers is just perfect. Also, our brave soldiers are awarded with the bravery awards and medals, such as the Param Vir Chakra, Vir Chakra etc.
In fact, children who have shown exceptional courage are also awarded the National Bravery Award by the President on Republic Day. Besides, the prestigious Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards are also announced on the eve of Republic Day.
But perhaps the most exciting part of the parade is the creative processions by states. Models, paintings and small enactments showcase the rich culture of each state. Then there are also musical performances and dances by school children. The National Flag is hoisted and there are also fantastic air shows by the Air Force. There is so much to learn and enjoy while watching the parade.
What does the pomp and grandeur of Republic Day teach us?
This time, when you watch the parade on the TV on Republic Day, feel proud of the diversity and differences of the people of India. There are so many kinds of people from different regions, cultures and backgrounds. Not just our country, but the world is full of diversity. People will not be exactly like you are or think the same way as you do.
The Republic Day celebration and the constitution reaches us to always respect and treat all kinds of people equally. Oh yes, you will become a much better person if you do so. You will be able to make many friends across India and globally, once you appreciate diversity and differences.
Similar to how we have many states, there are hundreds of countries in the world. Each country has its own language, cuisine, tradition etc. It can be so much fun to know about them and respect those countries too.
When and why is Republic Day celebrated in other countries?
Now, do you think that Republic Day is celebrated in India only? No. In fact, many other countries also celebrate Republic Day. But different countries celebrate Republic Day for different reasons and also in different ways. Let’s find out a bit more about how, why and when is Republic Day celebrated in a few other countries.
Italy – Italy celebrates its Republic Day on 2nd June. It is called the Festival of the Republic or Festa Della Repubblica. A grand military parade takes place in the capital city of Rome on this day. In 1946 on this day the Republic of Italy was officially formed after World War II.
Turkey – On 29 October every year, Turkey celebrates its Republic Day. Earlier Turkey was ruled by the Ottoman Empire. But in 1923, the constitution was changed and the empire was officially dissolved or ended. Processions, music bands and also firework shows are a part of the celebrations.
Maldives – Like Turkey, Maldives also dissolved its monarchy or the rule of the king. The Republic of Maldives was created on 11th November in 1968. On 11th November the country celebrates through parades, speeches and fairs. The Arabian Fair is enjoyed by everyone and has a lot of special foods, such as huni hakuru folhi (sweet cake) and masroshi.
Niger – 18th December Niger celebrates its Republic Day. In 1958 from this day onwards Niger started the process of its Independence from France. The Youth Festival is held on this day.
Nepal – Nepal’s Republic Day is on 28th May. In 2008 Nepal declared itself a republic ending the rule of the Shah Kings. There are processions and cultural activities held on this day.
There are many other countries, such as Ghana, Hungary, Iceland etc. that celebrate their constitution and status as a republic.
Les Petits wishes all its young ones a Happy Republic Day and hope all of you bring joy and happiness to each other and others like you across the globe.